Lisbon or Lisboa
Lisbon is the capital1 and largest city of Portugal. Located at the mouth of the Tagus River (Tejo), it is the capital of the country, capital of the Lisbon district, of the Lisbon region, of the Metropolitan Area of Lisbon, and is also the main center of the Greater Lisbon sub-region. The city has a population of 547 773 inhabitants and its metropolitan area is situated at 2 810 923 in an area of 2921.90 km². This area contains 20% of the country’s population. Lisbon is the richest city in Portugal.
The municipality of Lisbon, which coincides with the city proper (excluding the largest continuous urban agglomeration that surrounds it), has an area of 100.05 km², in which in 2011 there were 547 733 inhabitants.2 Its density demographic is 5 474.59 hab / km². The municipality is subdivided into 24 parishes (parishes) and borders on the north with the municipalities of Odivelas and Loures, on the west with Oeiras, on the northwest with Amadora and on the southeast with the Tajo estuary. Through the estuary, Lisbon joins the municipalities of the South Margin: Almada, Seixal, Barreiro, Moita, Montijo and Alcochete.
The district of Lisbon is subdivided into the following 16 municipalities:
- Arruda dos Vinhos
- Sobral de Monte Agraço
- Torres Vedras
- Vila Franca de Xira
These in turn are subdivided into small «freguesias» or localities. Apart from Lisbon (capital), the best-known tourist cities are Sintra, Cascais and Oeiras. Between Cascais and Oeiras, is the town of Estoril (it is a «freguesia» of Cascais), well known for its casino and car racing circuit, as well as the town of Carcavelos, well known for its extensive beach.
Lisbon can be accessed by:
Lisbon Humberto Delgado Airport, also called Lisbon Airport or Portela Airport, which is very close to the new Lisbon area, called Campo de las Naciones, since the 1998 expo was held there.
The port of Lisbon is one of the most important in Europe. Until its terminals come ships from the United Kingdom and other parts of the planet.
There is also the fluvial station of Cais do Sodré. From this site, there are the «cacilheiros», ferries that connect with the cities located on the other side of the Tagus river: Cacilhas (Almada), Seixal and Montijo.
Another fluvial station is Terreiro do Paço, catamarans leave for Barreiro.
And the third fluvial station, is in Belém, from where you can access Porto Brandão and Trafaria.
In crossing from one side of the Tagus to another, it takes about 30 minutes at the most.
Lisbon is communicated internationally with Spain, through the following trains:
– Lusitania (hotel train) that connects at night the capital of Spain with Lisbon.
– Sud Expresso (hotel train) that connects Lisbon with San Sebastian (Spain) and Hendaye (south of France).
At the regional level, Lisbon is connected to all Portuguese territory through reginal trains, fast trains, suburban trains, etc., etc.
The train stations are:
Oriente Station, the most modern. (National and international)
Santa Apolonia Station (national and international)
Rossio station (national). Connect with the towns belonging to Sintra.
Station of Cais do Sodré, apart from connecting with a boat, from here the trains that connect with the entire line of Cascais, Estoril, Carcavelos, etc.
Stations of Entrecampos, Roma-Areeiro, Sete Rios and Campolide, of minor importance.
There is a wide road network. The main ones that communicate with other large cities of the country, both North and South, are paid.
If you access Lisbon (coming from Spain) and enter the border of Badajoz, by car, you will have to cross the Vasco da Gama Bridge (the last one that was made and that communicates with the north of Lisbon, ideal for you want to go to the airport or Campo de las Naciones.
And the 25 de Abril Bridge, which is the first one that was made. This has a train line that passes just below the asphalt of the bridge.
THE WEATHER IN LISBON
Lisbon capital itself, although it has sea (Atlantic) and river (Tagus), has no beach. If we want to bathe we will have to go to Oeiras and Cascais.
In Oeiras we will find the fantastic beach of Carcavelos:
Along the entire line of Cascais (which is how this beach area is called in Portugal), we will find several beaches.
Be careful with the waves and force of the sea, it is Atlantic and you have to be very careful when bathing, especially if you go with children.
The water is rather cold, although on a personal level, whenever I go, I stay at Carcavelos beach. It is still a mixture of water from the Tagus River and the Atlantic Ocean, and therefore, the water temperature does not become so cold and the waves are more moderate (although as I said before, always with caution).
We will also find beach in Estoril, Cascais and other small coastal towns, smaller than Carcavelos, but of great beauty.
In Cascais, which is a beautiful village, full of stately homes and mansions, and along the coast, we have the famous "Boca do inferno", which in winter, is quite impressive and we can perfectly understand the reason for its phantasmagorical name.
Next to Boca del Infierno, we find a mini-market of souvenirs typical of Portugal, such as towels, typical clothes, souvenirs of Lisbon, etc.
There is also a fantastic restaurant called "Restaurante Boca do Inferno", whose specialty is fish and shellfish. (I still have not had the pleasure to go.) Price-quality is good, although of course, if we want good fresh fish and seafood, you have to pay for it here and everywhere, even though it's cheaper than compared to seafood restaurants in Spain).
Once passed through Cascais and following the coastline, we find the town of Sintra. Here it is as if we were entering an enchanted forest. Covered mostly by lush vegetation, we find really impressive views. The center of the city runs uphill (so I call it) narrow streets (only for people), with souvenir stands on each side, the more you go up, the cheaper you find the items, the problem is who endures climb so much.
Sintra has the famous "do Guincho" beach, ideal for surfers. Here we already have quite strong waters. I do not recommend it for bathing, but to enjoy its wonderful sand dunes, small lagoons formed by the sea on the rocks, views of the Sintra mountain range.
GASTRONOMY OF LISBON
Although there are many delicious dishes that can be tasted there, for my taste, include the following:
There are many more recipes, both of meals and desserts, but I wanted to highlight these. You will find more in my recipe blog (in spanish):